Date(s) - 21/09/16
12:00 pm - 1:00 pm
Varieties of capitalism, variation in immigrant self-employment
by Magdalena Ulceluse (Central European University)
Abstract: Existing theories of immigrant self-employment do not fully account for the variation in levels and types of self-employment across countries. The paper argues that variation in the socio-economic regime has contributed to both quantitative and qualitative variation in immigrant self-employment rates across the EU-15 countries, over recent decades. It focuses on three dimensions that are particularly salient to migrants’ economic activities: immigration regulation and control, labour market regulations and the provision of social services. Immigration policies determine the channel that migrants can use to enter a country, which in turn define and limit the economic activities they can pursue, market regulations create the framework within which migrants obtain or create jobs, while social benefits affect the marginal utility of work for those that can benefit. Together, they provide opportunities and constraints which shape immigrants’ propensity to become self-employed.
Speaker biography: Magdalena M. Ulceluse is a Marie Curie Phd Fellow in Public Policy at the Doctoral School of Political Science, Public Policy, and International Relations, Central European University. She finished her B.Sc. in Economics from the Faculty of Economics and Business Administration in Timisoara, Romania and went on to gain a M. Sc. in Public Policy and Human Development from the Maastricht Graduate School of Governance in the Netherlands. She has previously worked on projects for the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the European Commission, CEDEFOP, ILO and ISFOL, among others. Her main research interests lie in migrant self-employment, skills mismatch, migration and labour market policies, as well as the analysis of worker mobility as a response to labor market shortages.